The Effect of Shot Peening Coverage on Residual Stress, Cold Work and Fatigue in a Ni-Cr-Mo Low Alloy Steel

Author:  Prevey, Cammett
Source:  Conf Proc: ICSP-8 Sept. 16-20, 2002 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
Doc ID:  2002038
Year of Publication:  2002
Authors Paul S. Prevey 1) and John T. Cammett 2) 1) Lambda Research Inc., Cincinnati, OH, USA 2) U.S. Naval Aviation Depot, Cherry Point, NC, USA (Formerly with Lambda Research) Introduction The underlying motivation for this work was to test the conventional wisdom that 100% coverage by shot peening is required to achieve full benefit in terms of compressive residual stress magnitude and depth as well as fatigue strength. Fatigue performance of many shot peened alloys is widely reported to increase with coverage up to 100%, by many investigators and even in shot peening manuals. (1) The fatigue strength of some alloys is reported to be reduced by excessive coverage (2). Aerospace (3,4), automotive (5), and military (6) shot peening specifications require at least 100% coverage. Internal shot peening procedures of aerospace manufacturers may require 125% to 200% coverage. Most of the published fatigue data supporting the 100% minimum coverage recommendation was developed in fully reversed axial loading (2,7) or bending (8,9) with a stress ratio, R = Smin / Smax, of -1. The residual stress field arising from an individual shot impact is much greater in extent than the physical size of the impact crater and the resulting surrounding ridge of raised material.(10) Hence, at least some degree of undimpled surface area, less than 100% coverage, should be tolerable in terms of residual stress and fatigue strength achieved by peening. Accordingly, residual stress-depth distributions were determined for specimens peened to various coverage levels. Fatigue performance was tested at R>O, so that the shot peened surface was loaded only in tension. Additionally, cold work-depth distributions and the effects of thermal relaxation on both residual stresses and cold work were determined.

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